At birth, the applicant was registered as male. On reaching adulthood, she underwent sex reassignment treatment followed by surgery. She complained of the lack of legal recognition of her situation, coupled with the alleged absence of any legislation on the
matter. This was the first case of its kind concerning Portugal. Portugal subsequently enacted a law that recognizes the possibility of legal recognition of the new sexual identity of the person and creates an administrative procedure for this purpose. Now, the person may apply directly to civil registry rectification of his marital status, he is able to submit a medical report confirming a diagnosis of gender dysphoria.